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Home » Your Eye Health » Eye Diseases » Cataracts » Causes of Cataracts

Causes of Cataracts

Cataracts are part of the natural aging process of the eye and therefore, if you live to an old age, you will likely eventually develop one. While most cases of cataracts develop as part of this process, there are instances of congenital cataracts which are present at birth. Further, secondary or traumatic cataracts can occur at any age as a result of an eye injury, surgery or disease.While the risk of developing a cataract does increase as you age, it is not the only risk factor. Research shows that there are environmental, health and behavioral risk factors that can also play a role in cataract development. Many of these risk factors are avoidable and preventable. These risk factors include:

  • Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption
  • Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or other sources
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Certain medications such as steroids or statin medications
  • History of eye injury or eye surgery
  • Family history

Since they are largely a part of the the natural aging process of the eye, cataracts can’t necessarily be avoided, however knowing if you have additional risk factors can help you to take preventative steps to delay the onset of the condition.

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To reduce the spread of Coronavirus Covid-19, The College of Optometrists of Ontario has recommended that our office sees urgent care cases only. As a result, we are on an “On Call” status and will see urgent care patients as necessary by appointment. If you have an eye emergency and require urgent care please contact info@bayblooroptometry.com or call the office and state: what your emergency/urgent eye issue is; when the issue began; and any symptoms you are experiencing. For all other inquiries, including new contact lens orders for existing patients, messages may be left in the same manner as above, and will be responded to as soon as possible.

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Bay Bloor Optometry